Access control is a system which enables an authority to control access to areas and resources in a given physical facility or computer-based information system. An access control system, within the field of physical security, is generally seen as the second layer in the security of a physical structure.
Access Control allows authorised individuals or vehicles to enter, exit and gain access to a location. Access Control is often combined with CCTV Cameras or intercom to identify the movement of people or vehicles. The most common example of access control is Access Cards.